Moth preference for different host species in the expansion area. Tested hosts: Pinus mugo, nigra and sylvestris.
















Larval performance of an expansion population of N Italy on hosts of different origin (M = mugo, N = nigra, S = sylvestris). Click on the figure to enlarge.

expansion range expansion range genetics genetics
bio-control strategies bio-control strategies cost-benefit analysis cost-benefit analysis
dissemination dissemination