Moth preference for different host species in the expansion area. Tested hosts: Pinus mugo, nigra and sylvestris.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   

Larval performance of an expansion population of N Italy on hosts of different origin (M = mugo, N = nigra, S = sylvestris). Click on the figure to enlarge.

 
   
expansion range expansion range genetics genetics
bio-control strategies bio-control strategies cost-benefit analysis cost-benefit analysis
     
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